Child Development

CHART OF TYPICAL CHILD DEVELOPMENT

18-24 MONTHS 36-48 MONTHS
COGNITIVE SKILLS: COGNITIVE SKILLS:
Identifies parts of own body Matches two or three colors
Attends to nursery rhymes Knows concepts: big/little, fast/slow, long/short
Points to pictures in a book upon request Tells a simple story
Imitates sounds, words, or body movements Matches pictures of like objects

Rote counts to three


GROSS MOTOR SKILLS: GROSS MOTOR SKILLS:
Walks down stairs with support Catches a bounced ball
Jumps in place Walks down stairs without support
Pushes/pulls a light object Jumps forward without falling
Sits directly in a small chair Throws ball overhead
Runs the length of a room without falling Climbs to top of slide and slides down
Stands on one foot momentarily
Picks up toy from floor when standing up
FINE MOTOR SKILLS: FINE MOTOR SKILLS:
Imitates vertical line Copies a circle
Manipulates an object with fingers and thumb alone Puts together objects requiring fine muscle control
Turns pages of a book one by one Cuts along a 1/4 inch line with a continuous open and close motion
Zips and unzips a large zipper
Attempts to put on shoes SELF HELP SKILLS:
Removes all clothes without help Completely dresses self with verbal assistance
Attempts to put familiar objects away Wipes up spills
Unwraps enclosed foods like crackers Brushes teeth independently

Washes and dries hands independently

Toilet trained

HEARING AND LANGUAGE MILESTONES

BIRTH TO 3 MONTHS

Startles to a sudden, loud sound

Soothes or calms to your voice

3 - 6 MONTHS

Turns head or moves eyes to a familiar voice

Watches a speaker’s face

Enjoys rattles and other sound making toys

Plays at making noises and sounds

6 - 9 MONTHS

Responds to soft level of speech and sounds

Responds to his/her own name

Begins to understand common words like “no”,

“bye-bye” and knows Mommy and Daddy

9 - 12 MONTHS

Imitates sounds you make

Will turn and find sound in any direction

Vocalizes to get attention

Points or reaches for familiar objects

12 - 18 MONTHS

Knows the names of family members

Enjoys music and may try to dance

Imitates simple words

Follows simple spoken directions

18 - 24 MONTHS

Understands when you call from another room

Points to two or more body parts when asked

Uses jargon speech with intelligible words

Puts two or more word combinations together

(Hearing and language milestones courtesy of Idaho Sound Beginnings, The Newsletter of the Newborn Hearing Screening Consortium of Idaho)

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